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What are gardening tools and why do you need them?

If you are thinking about starting a garden and you have no idea where to start, you have come to the right place. Whether it is just a hobby or a full-time job for you, gardening is the best way to spend your time. With the right information about gardening and its challenges, you might just be able to have fun while doing it. In addition to that you can have healthy fruits and vegetables for your family.

There was a time when people used to do everything with their hands and gardening was one of them. Planting seeds, watering the soil, cutting down the branches and pruning used to take a lot of time from the daily routine. With the advancements in technology, there are several solutions for a single problem regarding gardening and gardening tools are one of them.

Gardening tools

Gardening tools are the accessories that let you perform daily gardening activities with a lot of ease while saving a lot of your time. You should be able to spend just the time needed to do a job and not a minute extra. Routine gardening jobs such as removing the harmful weeds from their roots, planting a new family of seeds, cutting down dead branches of trees or plants, and watering the whole gardening can be done easily if only the right tools are used.

There are different tools for every single one of your gardening needs. Tools such as trowels, pruners, hoes, nozzles, shovels, rakes, watering cans, wheelbarrows and many others are the necessities of everyday gardening. In the following context, we are going to take a look at the importance of these tools and decide which tools are the best for you and your garden.

Importance of gardening tools

As much fun as it is, gardening can become a hectic routine if it is not done right and consumes most of your energy and time. There are things that you cannot do without any help because let’s face it, you are not superhuman. For the purpose of doing it right and most efficiently, you need gardening tools. Some advantages of having the most basic gardening tools are as follows;

  • Jobs that are hard to do such as removing weeds, removing and controlling pests watering and pruning can be done easily
  • You can also save plenty of time and resources using the right tools
  • It is better to have tools and do it in a short time than spending a lot of time on a single activity
  • The areas on the plants and trees that are not accessible can be reached with the right tools
  • Doing things in the right way gives an increased production rate and a beautiful look to the garden

Deciding which tools to buy for your garden

With a lot of tools out there for a single purpose, it might be difficult for you to decide which tools are the best for your garden. If you are new to gardening, you might spend a lot of your money and time not being able to find out what you want. To remedy this, you have to know about the basic factors that you need to take into account when you are buying new tools.

Following are some factors that play a key role in the selection of gardening tools.

1. Know your needs

As has been told earlier, there are different tools for each job. For example, different shapes and sizes of pruners are there for different purposes such as reaching the higher branches, you will need a long-armed pruner while a smaller one for those in reach. Diggers, shovels, forks, and rakes for the purpose of digging the soil, removing weeds and getting the vegetables which grow in soil such as potatoes.

2. Ease of operation

One of the most important factors that you need to keep in mind is to select the tools that you know are easy to operate. Scissors, pruners, trimmers, forks, rakes and shovels might pose a problem if you do not get one that matches your abilities and expertise.

3. Time is money

Money can be earned but the time lost earning the money cannot be brought back. Buy the tools that you think will save your time and they are right there when you need them. For example, a watering can consume a lot of your time during watering the plants, but if you use a hose with an adjustable nozzle and a long tube you can save a lot of time.

4. Cost efficiency

Money can be an influencing factor during shopping. You need to buy the tools that are the most appropriate and cost-efficient. If you think that buying an expensive might save a lot of your time, follow your intuition.

On this basis of the factors mentioned above, you need to make the right decision for yourself. If you want to make a decision about the tools that suit you best in each category, NAZflora.org is the best guide that you can use.

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pest control
Blog

Pest control in the hospital

Hospital is a place which demands extra cleanliness and care. Patients come there to get treatment of sudden illness, contagious diseases, for delivery or abortions. For such serious cases, hospitals are meant to be free from germs. For this pest control is the solution.

Hospitals, medical-care centers, or rehabilitation facilities need to maintain a standard level of sanitation. The biggest challenge for them is to ensure that the facility remains pest-free. Patients who come here are sick or have any medical condition; they expect to get healthy and not to get more health problems.  

Generally, pest control is the least concern of health-care facilities. They are more focused on getting patients in and out and care less about the sterile and nurturing environment. Well, if they would ignore pest control all their goals would be at risk. Pest infestations are not only a threat to the staff or patients they can also put a treatment room out of service. 

As the facility grows in size so does the risk of pest infestations. More number of bathrooms, a larger kitchen, and more food being made and served, all add to the risk of pest infestations.

You need effective, precise, and clear strategies to deal with pests in health-care facilities. You also need personnel who can implement these strategies.

To get rid of the pests and protect the health facility from their infestations you first need to know what pests are more likely to attack. You need to do a deep search inside the building and also a deep lookout outside the building to determine who your enemies are. 

Most Common Pests Found in Hospitals

One pest that is found in every hospital and poses the highest health risks is a cockroach. Cockroaches are capable of spreading disease quickly as they can spread 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms. They can cause health problems like asthma and indoor allergy. They are more likely to affect children and older people. You need to kill them at their source or make sure that their entrance is blocked. You will find them mostly in the laundry room, kitchen, floor drains, sinks, vending machines, etc. So, you need to protect these places and equipment. 

Another most common pest found in health care facilities is a rodent. They can cause extreme health problems as they can contaminate all kinds of food and the surface or material used. You need a professional to inspect every part of the building to find and eliminate rodents. You also need to block their entry points.

One another threat to the health care facilities is ants. They can contaminate food and materials. The most dangerous of these ants is pharaoh ant, capable of spreading disease pathogens. Another most common found pests in hospitals is sugar ants. You can hire a professional who will teach you how to get rid of sugar (tiny) ants naturally.

Educate the Staff

Developing a pest control program for a hospital or any other health care facility is a lot challenging. Implementing a pest control program and maintaining it is even more challenging. This is because here you are dealing with a complex physical infrastructure and a diverse staff. You need to address educate all staff on all levels. From the top tier to the lowest you need to explain to them the importance of pest control. Make them understand what threats pests pose and how it is dangerous for them, the patients, and the facility itself.

You can ask a professional to give a lecture to the staff on the importance of pest control. He can take different seminars and address different issues related to pest management.

Pest Control Programs

The best pest control programs are those which are backed by every decision-maker in the facility. For which you can find highly qualified pest control professional who can implement the programs in the best way. 

You can see the pest control programs which other popular health care facilities have adopted, and judging on their success you can adopt one. You can also check the professional they hired and you can choose the one that delivered the best result. 

After you have hired professional they can work together with the decision-makers and make and implement the best pest control policy. Some important points of the policy would be:

  1. Block every entry point of the pest. Bloch the passage of the pests that enter from immediate surroundings. 
  2. Protect the kitchen and keep food and the materials uses completely sealed when not in use.
  3. Regularly clean public eating areas as well as the bathrooms.
  4. Make sure there aren’t any trees or plants within two feet of the building. 
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News

Understanding Abortion – Important Facts (2019 Vision)

Abortion is a considerably controversial topic in many countries of the world. The issue spans economic, political, ethical and religious lines and has and is still being greatly debated around the world. In light of this, it is important that we understand the truth about it. Amidst the vast sea of disinformation on abortion, it is important that you arm yourself with the truth. To achieve consensus on abortion, we must first seek to objectively understand it and to do so, we must know the hard facts about it. Below are some important facts you should know about abortion in order to understand the issue.

Abortion is More Common than You Think

Despite being taboo in some countries, abortion does commonly occur. In fact, it is more common that one would think. Statistics from Amnesty International show that each year twenty-five percent of all pregnancies are aborted. This statistic remains true regardless of whether the abortion has been made legal in a certain jurisdiction or not. In fact, ironically, countries that ban abortion have higher abortion rates than those that permit it. According to a study by the Guttmacher Institute, in countries that completely ban abortion or severely restrict it, the abortion rate amounts to 37 in every 1000 pregnancies. In contrast in countries that allow for abortion, the figure stands at 34 for every 1000 pregnancies. This goes to show that if anything, legally restricting abortion has no effect on its occurrence.

Moreover, when access to medical care is provided, abortion is a very safe procedure. In fact, it may be safer than giving birth! On the contrary, however, in countries that severely restrict abortion, it may become fatal. Currently, around twenty-two million abortions occur in risky circumstances. Alarmingly, according to the World Health Organization, unsafe abortions are the third most common cause of maternal fatalities!

Legal Penalization of Abortion Increases Abortion Fatalities

As seen from the Guttmacher Institute’s statistics above, the legal restriction of abortion has no effect on its prevalence. More so, the numbers show that in countries where abortion is severely restricted the practice is even more prevalent. Effects of the criminalization of abortion are all negative, the saddest of which is the increased fatalities due to unsafe abortion.

When states ban abortion, they tie the hands of doctors who would want to provide safe procedures. Moreso, in a bid to comply with the countries’ laws, doctors may be tempted to completely abandon safe abortion procedures even in countries where abortion is permitted in certain circumstances. They do this as a risk avoidance mechanism.

Legal restriction of Abortion, therefore, forces pregnant women to seek unsafe and life-threatening options, thus ultimately leading to abortion becoming the third most common cause of maternal fatalities.

Abortion Rates Can Be Lessened Through Other Means

Criminalization of abortion has never been a means to curb it. In fact, it is extremely ineffective. Simple measures like ensuring access to contraceptives and sex-education amongst the youth are better ways of preventing abortion. To understand the efficacy of these measures, one first needs to realize that abortions do not often occur out of the risk to the life of the mother or fetal abnormalities. In many instances, the underlying reasons are often socio-economic. Research from the World Health Organization shows that in countries where there is no adequate access to contraceptives, abortion rates are significantly higher.

The Tide is Changing

Many countries are reforming their abortion laws to make them less discriminative. Change is not an event but a process. Mirroring this fact, within the past sixty years more than thirty-five countries have eased their legal restrictions on abortion. Our own Ireland is one such nation. In 2018, the people voted against the constitutional ban on abortion, a landmark event on the fight for safe access to abortion.

Nevertheless, more still needs to be done. Many countries such as Malta, the Vatican, and Nicaragua still completely ban abortion. Studies show that forty percent of all fertile women reside in such countries.

Moreover, even in countries where abortion is legal or less restricted, this doesn’t make it accessible. Social stigma against abortion has a great effect on the accessibility of safe abortion. Further, still, cost is also a major issue. In some instances, safe abortion may be so expensive that the affected turn to unsafe methods as a cheaper alternative. The good news is that these often hidden factors are now being brought to light. In fact, the World Health Organisation has criteria enabling states to shed light on some of these problems.

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Statistics

Abortion Statistics Around the World

Regardless of the fact that abortion is a sensitive issue, it must nevertheless be discussed and its merits brought to the open. Mirroring the words of a student letter to the government in 2015 on abortion, we sometimes ignore, hide or simply refuse to acknowledge the fact that abortion does indeed occur. In ignoring it, we neglect women who need access to healthcare before and after the abortion. We dehumanize women who go through it, and we refuse to acknowledge that there are indeed legitimate reasons for not wanting to have a child. More so, we deliberately forget that abortion primarily affects the woman, in ways that can barely be explained. The world is changing, but change is not an event- it is a process. In light of this, this article highlights some worldwide abortion statistics to paint a clear picture of the status of abortion around the world.

Twenty Five Percent of all Pregnancies End in Abortion

Regardless of legal restrictions on abortions around the world, the Guttmacher Institute reports that about a quarter of all pregnancies are aborted every year. This statistics stands in sharp contrast with the justification that many countries have on restricting access to abortion. In fact, statistics show that out of the twenty-five percent of pregnancies terminated worldwide, a larger portion of that percentage can be attributed to countries that restrict access to abortion.

Abortion Rates Decrease when Countries Legalize It

Stringent abortion laws are justified on grounds that they are a means of reducing abortion incidences. This couldn’t be further from the truth. It has been proved time and again that when countries lessen restrictions on abortion, the rates actually decrease. To highlight this phenomenon we compare Switzerland and Pakistan. In Switzerland, abortion is permitted at the discretion of the woman within the first trimester. Beyond the first trimester, the legal criteria for permissibility are very broad and generally involves risk to the woman’s health or distress should the pregnancy continue. Those in favor of strict abortion laws would intuitively think that the abortion rates in Switzerland are very high. Surprisingly, this is not the case at all. On the contrary, the country has the lowest abortion rates with only five for every one thousand women. In Pakistan where abortion carries a potential jail term if carried out outside grounds of the woman’s health, abortion rates are the highest in the world. In Pakistan, fifty women in a thousand have an abortion! The United States is also a great example. The nation has some of the most liberal abortion laws yet rates remain low at thirteen for every a thousand women. On a worldwide scale, the same phenomenon holds true. In general abortion rates have significantly reduced in the past twenty-five years. In the years 2010-2014 it was reported that on a worldwide scale 35 women carry out an abortion out of every 1000. This figure marked a decreased from the previously recorded ration of 40:1000. The interesting statistic though is that the drop is largely attributed to countries with less stringent abortion laws. Countries with liberal laws saw a drastic drop from 46 women to 27 women for every thousand. This is to be compared with the minuscule drop from 39 women to 36 in countries that have strict abortion laws.

Eastern Europe has the Sharpest Decline in Abortion Rates in Europe

Largely attributed to changing socio-economic conditions in the sub-region following an end to communism a comparative study done from the years 1990- ‘94 and 2010-2014 established that there was a drastic decrease in abortion incidents. The recorded figure the 1990’s study reported abortion rates of 88 for every 1000 women. This is in stark contrast to the figure in the 2010s which stood at a jaw-dropping 42 for every 100 women. An analysis of this statistic highlights a common trend that improved access to contraceptives can reduce unwanted pregnancies thus greatly reducing abortion incidents.

Most European Countries have Less Stringent Abortion Laws

It seems that with the exception of Malta, the Vatican City, Andorra, and Liechtenstein,  many European countries permit abortion in one way or another. Most restrict abortion for medical reasons, both physical and mental. In many neighboring countries, a physician’s consent is also required beyond 10-12 weeks of pregnancy. Ireland recently joined the ranks of countries with less stringent abortion laws having amended its laws in 2018.

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Politics

Irish abortion survey finds majority of people support decriminalisation

Two-thirds of Irish people want abortion decriminalised, according to a survey that signals a major shift in views on a woman’s right to choose in a country that still outlaws most terminations.

Eight out of 10 people polled for Amnesty International favoured some liberalisation of the law, and 65% said abortion should be decriminalised.
Two years ago, Ireland’s parliament, the Dáil, passed legislation allowing for abortion in extremely limited cases of medical emergencies or when there is risk of suicide if pregnancy goes to full term. Under the law, doctors and medical professionals have the right ultimately to determine if a woman’s life is at risk in these circumstances.
Abortion remains unavailable, for instance, to Irish women who are raped or whose pregnancies are doomed as a result of foetal abnormalities.

The findings of the poll, based on 1,000 telephone interviews in May, demonstrate a widespread lack of knowledge about the legal risk of carrying out abortions in Ireland.
Sixty-four per cent of those surveyed did not know that it is a crime to get an abortion in Ireland when a woman’s life is not at risk. Only 9% knew that having an unlawful abortion can lead to up to 14 years in jail.

Seventy-one per cent agreed that classifying abortion as a crime “contributes to the distress and stigma felt by women who have had abortions” and 45% supported a woman’s right to choose for non-medical reasons.

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Politics

Case seeks to legalise abortion in cases of rape, incest and “serious malformation”

Northern Ireland’s abortion legislation contravenes article 3 of the European Convention of Human Rights which states that no one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Belfast High Court has been told.
Nathalie Lieven QC made the comment in front of Mr Justice Mark Horner, who is hearing a case where the North’s Human Rights Commission is seeking to make abortion legal in instances of rape, incest and “serious malformation of the foetus”.
The court also heard yesterday that all countries in Europe apart from Ireland North and South, San Marino, Malta and Andorra allow abortion in cases of rape, incest and fatal foetal abnormality.
Ms Lieven, for the commission, said the issue of abortion in relation to these categories could not be left to the Northern Executive on the basis that it might act to legislate at some undefined date in the future.
The case is expected to last three or four days. Mr Justice Horner is hearing submissions from campaigners representing both sides of the abortion argument with the North’s Attorney General, John Larkin QC, also expected to make an oral submission.
Abortion is currently legal in Northern Ireland where there is a threat to the life of the woman or where there is a risk of a serious and adverse effect on her physical or mental health which is either long term or permanent.
Following a consultation, the North’s Department of Justice has recommended that abortion be permitted in Northern Ireland in cases of fatal foetal abnormality, but this proposed change does not apply to cases of rape and incest.

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